Cheung Chau Bun Festival: Heritage or Spectacle? 長洲太平清醮: 是旅遊盛事還是文化遺產?

The bun towers. Photo: Vivienne Chow on Instagram
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長洲太平清醮: 是旅遊盛事還是文化遺產?

對於在長洲長大的我及部份島民而言,太平清醮是一令人又愛又恨的日子。愛是因為這個傳統節慶是我們的童年回憶: 那時只是島上的盛事,都在平日舉行,沒有什麼外來遊客,外面的人也不太清楚我們島上有個這麼的節慶; 我們都興高采烈地迎接那兩日額外的學校假期,要參加表演巡遊的隨便去,要不輕輕鬆鬆遊山玩水後去吃齋飯(雖然阿媽會買定午餐肉看門口)看巡遊。

後來太平清醮鐵定於佛誕公眾假期舉行,變成旅遊盛事。遊客爭相擁入小島,看似很熱鬧,但盛事跟島上居民的關係越來越遠; 我們都怕了那些破壞小島寧靜的遊客,怕了那些為了做生意的而captialise太平清醮的老板(雖然揾錢是需要的)。我們盡可能都躲在家中,或逃離長洲。太平清醮的長洲almost是不屬於長洲人的。如果不是有工作,我也不會回來。

其實我很想知道現在的太平清醮除了帶來商機處處外,對長洲人有什麼意義?對島上社區及人際關係的建設有更大的貢獻嗎?是否有真的在承傳我們的文化遺產?

Cheung Chau Bun Festival: Heritage or Spectacle?

To local inhabitants or those who grew up on Cheung Chau, the annual Bun Festival is a love-and-hate occasion. We love it because this traditional festival, during which we pay respect to gods and the nature through eating vegetarian dishes to the parade around the island, plays an important role in our upbringing. 

Back in the days before the festival coincides with a public holiday, the festival - the parade - took place during the week. Few from the city knew about us and even if they did, it would be difficult for them to come to Cheung Chau to experience the festival.

But for us, we had two extra school holidays back then. We were very excited as the festival approached. Those who wished to join the festival could do so, whether to be part of the parade as the children flag bearer, or become one of the floats (if your parents have the connection). Those who just wanted to enjoy the parade as spectators after eating three days of vegetarian meals (No meat was sold during the festival period back then. But my mum would stock up some canned meat just in case we wanted to eat meat), or swimming or riding our bicycles. We used to go to our grandma's place to watch the parade - her place had a balcony overlooking the street where the parade would pass by. It was our own little VIP area. 

Then later on, the organisers decided to coincide the festival with the Buddha's birthday, which is a public holiday. It suddenly became one of Hong Kong's biggest tourism spectacle. Restaurant and shop owners were delighted by the move, as it brings A LOT of tourists to Cheung Chau, making the festival an important business day on their calendar. But to the islanders, it became the day to escape from the island. If we were not part of the festival programme, we'd either stay at home or go to town to avoid the crowd. The Bun Festival, originally an occasion to bond the local community, became distant to the islanders. 




I couldn't help but wonder if it was the right thing to do. Few years ago I wrote a long piece in the South China Morning Post, detailing the pros and cons about turning a cultural heritage into a tourism spectacle. On one hand we need to keep a tradition alive, and making it a tourism attraction is one way - at least it generates income for the island. But on the other the original meaning of such tradition is diluted, distancing itself from the local community where the tradition is rooted. 

This is a double-edged sword. I don't have the answer to my question, but how to keep our tradition alive without distorting its original meaning is a serious matter that is worth our time to contemplate. 


Comments

  1. As an "outsider" who is interested in traditions, I enjoy and love to attend/observe in the festivals, it is good that many people know about our tradition. In the case of Cheung Chau, I think the government/tourism board is interfering too much. At the same time, if I was living in Cheung Chau, I probably would have hated it.

    I believe the true meaning of these traditions lies within the organizers and the people who help/donate/assist. They are the one who truly know what the tradition means, maybe it's time for them to re-emphasize/promote that.

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